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The role of cytosolic RNA and DNA recognition in systemic autoimmunity and immune complex glomerulonephritis. Cytosoli RNA and DNA recognition in autoimmunity
The role of cytosolic RNA and DNA recognition in systemic autoimmunity and immune complex glomerulonephritis. Cytosoli RNA and DNA recognition in autoimmunity
Non-CpG-DNA and 3P-RNA activated mesangial cells to produce inflammatory cytokines and type 1 interferons in TLR-independent manner. Both ligands induced similar gene expression patterns in mesangial cells. This data unravelled the existence of TLR-independent pathways and production of type1 interferons in mesangial cells. These results substantiate the idea that, immune complexes that are associated with nucleic acids can activate glomerular cells via TLR-independent manner, which leads to glomerular inflammation. Furthermore, exposure of non-CpG-DNA and 3P-RNA in MRLlpr/lpr mice aggravated the disease pathology in different manner. Even though 3P-RNA and non-CpG-DNA induced similar gene expression in mesangial cells but in vivo both ligands aggravated the disease in different fashion. 3P-RNA induced type I IFN signaling and decreased the number of regulatory T cells while non-CpG-DNA induced plasma cell expansion, lymphoproliferation and splenomegaly. However, both ligands induced the production of dsDNA autoantibodies and increased the glomerular deposition of IgG. These data suggest that viral 3P-RNA and non-CpG-DNA differently modulate autoimmunity but still both aggravate autoimmune tissue injury by activating non-immune cells at the tissue level
Autoimmunity,Lupus, TLRs, Cytosolic DNA, Cytosolic RNA
Ramanjaneyulu, Allam
2010
English
Universitätsbibliothek der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Ramanjaneyulu, Allam (2010): The role of cytosolic RNA and DNA recognition in systemic autoimmunity and immune complex glomerulonephritis: Cytosoli RNA and DNA recognition in autoimmunity. Dissertation, LMU München: Faculty of Medicine
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Abstract

Non-CpG-DNA and 3P-RNA activated mesangial cells to produce inflammatory cytokines and type 1 interferons in TLR-independent manner. Both ligands induced similar gene expression patterns in mesangial cells. This data unravelled the existence of TLR-independent pathways and production of type1 interferons in mesangial cells. These results substantiate the idea that, immune complexes that are associated with nucleic acids can activate glomerular cells via TLR-independent manner, which leads to glomerular inflammation. Furthermore, exposure of non-CpG-DNA and 3P-RNA in MRLlpr/lpr mice aggravated the disease pathology in different manner. Even though 3P-RNA and non-CpG-DNA induced similar gene expression in mesangial cells but in vivo both ligands aggravated the disease in different fashion. 3P-RNA induced type I IFN signaling and decreased the number of regulatory T cells while non-CpG-DNA induced plasma cell expansion, lymphoproliferation and splenomegaly. However, both ligands induced the production of dsDNA autoantibodies and increased the glomerular deposition of IgG. These data suggest that viral 3P-RNA and non-CpG-DNA differently modulate autoimmunity but still both aggravate autoimmune tissue injury by activating non-immune cells at the tissue level