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Leptospireninfektion bei Katzen in Thailand
Leptospireninfektion bei Katzen in Thailand
In Thailand, leptospirosis is considered an emerging disease in humans and animals. Many species can shed pathogenic Leptospira, including domestic cats (felis catus), which might be able to pose a risk to humans. There are no studies on Leptospira infections in cats in Thailand, but in other countries, it was demonstrated that cats can shed pathogenic Leptospira with high prevalences. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether outdoor cats in Thailand shed pathogenic Leptospira in their urine, and to determine antibody prevalence and risk factors associated with Lep- tospira infection. Two hundred and sixty outdoor cats were prospectively recruited. Urine samples were tested by real‐time PCR targeting the lipL32 gene of pathogenic Leptospira. Urine was additionally cultured for 6 months in Ellinghausen‐McCul- lough‐Johnson‐Harris medium to grow Leptospira. Antibodies against 24 serovars (Anhoa, Australis, Autumnalis, Ballum, Bataviae, Bratislava, Broomi, Canicola, Celle- doni, Copenhageni, Coxi, Cynopteri, Djasiman, Grippotyphosa, Haemolytica, Ictero- haemorrhagiae, Khorat, Paidja, Patoc, Pomona, Pyrogenes, Rachmati, Saxkoebing, Sejroe) belonging to 16 serogroups were determined using microscopic agglutination tests. Risk factors were analysed by Fisher's exact test. Urine samples of 2/260 cats (0.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1%–2.8%) were PCR‐positive, but none of the 260 urine samples were culture positive. Leptospira antibodies were detected in 14/ 260 cats (5.4%; 95% CI: 3.0%–8.6%) with titers ranging from 1:20 to 1:160 (sero- vars: Anhoa, Autumnalis, Celledoni, Copenhageni, Djasiman, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Patoc). Cats aged 4 years or older were significantly more often infected with Leptospira than younger cats. No other significant risk factors were found. In conclusion, out- door cats in Thailand can shed DNA and, possibly, viable, pathogenic Leptospira in their urine, although at a much lower prevalence than expected when compared to countries with similar climate. Thus, cats can be a potential source of infection for people. Further studies are needed to determine the role of cats in transmitting this zoonotic disease in Thailand.
feline, leptospirosis, MAT, microscopic agglutination test, PCR, polymerase chain reaction
Sprißler, Fabienne
2019
German
Universitätsbibliothek der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Sprißler, Fabienne (2019): Leptospireninfektion bei Katzen in Thailand. Dissertation, LMU München: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
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Abstract

In Thailand, leptospirosis is considered an emerging disease in humans and animals. Many species can shed pathogenic Leptospira, including domestic cats (felis catus), which might be able to pose a risk to humans. There are no studies on Leptospira infections in cats in Thailand, but in other countries, it was demonstrated that cats can shed pathogenic Leptospira with high prevalences. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether outdoor cats in Thailand shed pathogenic Leptospira in their urine, and to determine antibody prevalence and risk factors associated with Lep- tospira infection. Two hundred and sixty outdoor cats were prospectively recruited. Urine samples were tested by real‐time PCR targeting the lipL32 gene of pathogenic Leptospira. Urine was additionally cultured for 6 months in Ellinghausen‐McCul- lough‐Johnson‐Harris medium to grow Leptospira. Antibodies against 24 serovars (Anhoa, Australis, Autumnalis, Ballum, Bataviae, Bratislava, Broomi, Canicola, Celle- doni, Copenhageni, Coxi, Cynopteri, Djasiman, Grippotyphosa, Haemolytica, Ictero- haemorrhagiae, Khorat, Paidja, Patoc, Pomona, Pyrogenes, Rachmati, Saxkoebing, Sejroe) belonging to 16 serogroups were determined using microscopic agglutination tests. Risk factors were analysed by Fisher's exact test. Urine samples of 2/260 cats (0.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.1%–2.8%) were PCR‐positive, but none of the 260 urine samples were culture positive. Leptospira antibodies were detected in 14/ 260 cats (5.4%; 95% CI: 3.0%–8.6%) with titers ranging from 1:20 to 1:160 (sero- vars: Anhoa, Autumnalis, Celledoni, Copenhageni, Djasiman, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Patoc). Cats aged 4 years or older were significantly more often infected with Leptospira than younger cats. No other significant risk factors were found. In conclusion, out- door cats in Thailand can shed DNA and, possibly, viable, pathogenic Leptospira in their urine, although at a much lower prevalence than expected when compared to countries with similar climate. Thus, cats can be a potential source of infection for people. Further studies are needed to determine the role of cats in transmitting this zoonotic disease in Thailand.