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Ruschke, Alexander (2014): POSSuMUS: a position sensitive scintillating muon SiPM detector. Dissertation, LMU München: Fakultät für Physik



The development of a modular designed large scale scintillation detector with a two-dimensional position sensitivity is presented in this thesis. This novel POsition Sensitive Scintillating MUon SiPM Detector is named POSSuMUS. The POSSuMUS detector is capable to determine the particle’s position in two space dimensions with a fast trigger capability. Each module is constructed from two trapezoidal shaped plastic scintillators to form one rectangular shaped detector module. Both trapezoids are optically insulated against each other. In both trapezoids the scintillation light is collected by plastic fibers and guided towards silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs). SiPMs are light sensors which are capable to detect even smallest amounts of light. By combining several detector modules, position sensitive areas from 100 cm2 to few m2 are achievable with few readout channels. Therefore, POSSuMUS provides a cost effective detector concept. The position sensitivity along the trapezoidal geometry of one detector module is achieved by the path length dependent amount of detected light for crossing particles. The ratio of the light yields in both trapezoids is calculated. This value corresponds to the position of the particle traversing the detector. A spatial resolution in the order of several mm is foreseen. The position sensitivity along the scintillator module is determined by the propagation time of light to the SiPMs located on opposite sides of the detector. A spatial resolution of few cm is expected for this direction. The POSSuMUS detector is applicable as large area trigger detector with a two dimensional position information of crossing particles. This is suitable in detector tests of large area precesion detectors or for measuring the small angle scattering of cosmic muons. At the beginning of this thesis, the determination of important SiPM characteristics like the breakdown voltage is presented. In the course of this work the detector principle is proven by the test of the first prototype detector with straight tracks during an experiment at CERN. In particular, a position sensitivity in both directions is demonstrated. After this experiment the detector development focuses on the enhancement of the amount of detected light per event. Here several studies with results are presented. The gained knowledge is realized in a second prototype detector, whereby the results of straight and inclined tracks are presented. A position sensitivity due to the trapezoidal geometry is obtained, with a spatial resolution of up to 13 mm. This thesis concludes with an outlook on the ongoing developments and to the future use of the POSSuMUS detector.