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Kunath, Peter (2006): Efficient Analysis in Multimedia Databases. Dissertation, LMU München: Faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics
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Abstract

The rapid progress of digital technology has led to a situation where computers have become ubiquitous tools. Now we can find them in almost every environment, be it industrial or even private. With ever increasing performance computers assumed more and more vital tasks in engineering, climate and environmental research, medicine and the content industry. Previously, these tasks could only be accomplished by spending enormous amounts of time and money. By using digital sensor devices, like earth observation satellites, genome sequencers or video cameras, the amount and complexity of data with a spatial or temporal relation has gown enormously. This has led to new challenges for the data analysis and requires the use of modern multimedia databases. This thesis aims at developing efficient techniques for the analysis of complex multimedia objects such as CAD data, time series and videos. It is assumed that the data is modeled by commonly used representations. For example CAD data is represented as a set of voxels, audio and video data is represented as multi-represented, multi-dimensional time series. The main part of this thesis focuses on finding efficient methods for collision queries of complex spatial objects. One way to speed up those queries is to employ a cost-based decompositioning, which uses interval groups to approximate a spatial object. For example, this technique can be used for the Digital Mock-Up (DMU) process, which helps engineers to ensure short product cycles. This thesis defines and discusses a new similarity measure for time series called threshold-similarity. Two time series are considered similar if they expose a similar behavior regarding the transgression of a given threshold value. Another part of the thesis is concerned with the efficient calculation of reverse k-nearest neighbor (RkNN) queries in general metric spaces using conservative and progressive approximations. The aim of such RkNN queries is to determine the impact of single objects on the whole database. At the end, the thesis deals with video retrieval and hierarchical genre classification of music using multiple representations. The practical relevance of the discussed genre classification approach is highlighted with a prototype tool that helps the user to organize large music collections. Both the efficiency and the effectiveness of the presented techniques are thoroughly analyzed. The benefits over traditional approaches are shown by evaluating the new methods on real-world test datasets.