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Kehl, Victoria (2002): Responder Identification in Clinical Trials. Dissertation, LMU München: Faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics
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Abstract

The thesis gives an overview of the techniques used up to now for responder identification and it proposes a new method for systematic search for responders. The responder identification method consists of the following three steps: 1. Identification of prognostic factors (e.g. via Cox-PH model on the standard treatment arm) 2. Identification of patients in the new treatment arm, who's survival is badly estimated by the prognostic model (e.g. via search for outliers in the deviance or martingale residuals) 3. Identification of predictive factors, which describe common features of the patients with residual outliers, namely the positive and negative responders (e.g. via regression tree or bump hunting analysis, or via the suggested stabilized bump hunting procedure) The method is evaluated with a simulation study and applied on the EMIAT data se